Living Information  

Chinese festivals and public holidays

发布日期:2017-03-30

Each year, there are eleven days of statutory holidays in the mainland of China, besides Saturdays and Sundays.

Date
Festival
Chinese name
Holidays
January 1
The New Year’s Day
yuán dàn jié
元旦节
one-day
The last day of the last lunar month, the 1st and 2nd day of the first lunar month

The Spring Festival
(the Chinese New Year)

chūn jié
春节
three-day
April 4 or 5 or 6
(the 15th day after the Spring Equinox)

Qing Ming Festival
(Tomb-sweeping Day)

qīng míng jié
清明节
one-day
May 1
The Labor’s Day
láo dòng jié
劳动节
one-day
The 5th day of the fifth lunar month
Duan Wu Festival 
(Dragon Boat Festival)
duān wǔ jié
端午节
one-day
The 15th day of the eighth lunar month

Mid-Autumn Festival
(Moon Cake Festival)

zhōng qiū jié
中秋节
one-day
October 1, 2, 3
The National Day
guó qìng jié
国庆节
three-day

 

The most important Chinese festival is “the Spring Festival” which is also called as “the Chinese Lunar New Year”. It is similar to Christmas in its importance. Every year, the date of the Chinese Lunar New Year falls between the end of January and early February according to the Chinese lunar calendar, as the lunar calendar month is usually around one month later than the Gregorian calendar month. It is a celebration with many great banquets, fireworks and firecrackers (though they are forbidden in some big cities in China), and may last for more than 15 days.

By working extra on the weekends before or after the Spring Festival and the National Day, the working class can enjoy two full weeks of holidays per year, which is called the “Golden Week”.

Most restaurants and shops remain open during these holidays. This is their golden business seasons for entertainment, retail and transportation services.

The Chinese people also celebrate the following traditional festivals, although they are not statutory holidays yet.

Date
Festival
Chinese name
The 15th day of the first lunar month

Yuan Xiao Festival/
Lantern Festival

yuán xiāo jié/shàng yuán jié
元宵节/上元节
The 7th day of the seventh lunar month

Double-Seventh Day/
Chinese Valentine's Day/
Skill Acquisition Festival/
Girls Festival

qī xī jié/què qiáo huì/
qǐ qiǎo jié/nǚ ér jié
七夕节/鹊桥会/
乞巧节/女儿节

The 9th day of the ninth lunar month

Chong Yang Festival/
Double Ninth Festival

qīng míng jié
清明节
May 1
The Labor’s Day

chóng yáng jié/lǎo rén jié
重阳节/老人节